Many people do not have an ideal posture. There are four types of postural alignment that deviate from the ideal alignment, which we often encounter. They are known as: ‘Kyphosis’, ‘Lordosis’, ‘Sway back’ and ‘Flat back’.
The way you sit or stand can have a negative effect on your body over time causing niggling aches. When the spine is not in proper alignment, the back muscles, ligaments, discs and spinal joints are all under extra stress. If not corrected, this may lead to more permanant problems. Back and neck pain can be improved by correcting poor posture, stretching tight muscles and strengthening weak muscles.
Kyphosis - is an unbalanced posture that can cause neck and back pain. The head is pushed forward, in front of your gravitational centre. The upper back is rounded, accentuating the thoracic curve. An increased kyphosis can develop from unhealthy posture habits, bone and joint degeneration and spinal deformity.
Lordosis - We speak of Lordosis when there is an increased curve in the lumbar spine of lower back. Often there is also an increased pelvic tilt. The client will show a posture in which the stomach and head are pushed forward.
Sway back - A Sway back posture can be seen with a neutral or posterior pelvic tilt with the hip almost rolled upward to the front. The client shows a relaxed posture, leaning backwards with the upper body.
Flat back - Head forward, cervical spine slightly extended, thoracic spine upper part increase flexion and lower part straight, lumbar spine flexed (straight), pelvic posterior tilt, hip joints extended, knee joints extended, ankle joints slight plantar flexion, elongated and weak one joint hip flexors, short and strong hamstrings (hip extensors).